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The relationship between the Baltic states and Russia has always been complicated. No sitting Russian president has ever made an official state visit to Estonia, Latvia or Lithuania, and meetings between their heads of state are rare.
This is the second of three articles on how IRI’s Beacon Project combats disinformation in Europe. The first article on coalition building can be found here.
In the United States, these terms came into the public consciousness during and immediately after the 2016 presidential election and were used to describe the Russian government’s attempt to influence the election result. As U.S. government and media investigations uncovered the extent of the Kremlin’s campaign, Americans came to realize what many Europeans had known for years: Russia under President Vladimir Putin has been using hostile propaganda and various forms of active measures – disinformation, political subversion, and corruption – directed at its democratic neighbors and the West more broadly.
On March 13, 2019 the European Parliament (EP) adopted a report on EU strategic communication and propaganda from third countries, drafted on behalf of the Foreign Affairs Committee by MEP Anna Fotyga (ECR/Poland), one of the International Republican Institute’s (IRI) proud partners in its democracy work in the region...
In the process recently of reorganizing the far-too-many books in our house, I came across Dezinformatsya: Active Measure in Soviet Strategy by my graduate school professor Richard H. Shultz and his colleague Roy Godson, published in 1984.